The lecture opened with the question: What global order exists today ?! Provided information about the history of political systems in earlier times (communist and capitalist systems); events after and before the ‘90s. It was emphasized that today capitalism is everywhere. The participants were introduced to the Westphalia agreement where it was decided that interstate relations would not be geo-religious but geopolitical. There was talk of countries violating this agreement such as Iran, China through the Silk Road, neo-Ottomanism as the economic god, military and religious presence, etc. There are imbalances and open debates in the global order, including the status of US authority in the world and its role as an EU partner. Today’s global order is therefore an economic order based on free market initiative and private property, individual capitalism, monopolies, oligopolies or family property. It was treated how the Peace Conference in Paris 1919, thanks to the decision of President Woodrow Wilson paved the way for the creation of an independent Albanian state. So if we talk today about a global order, this is the order of aberration (departure from the original features of the type) of capitalism and market imperialism. Today we have an empire that rules the whole world and this is the financial empire with imperial centers that are the places where the most powerful banks and exchange institutions exist, the stock exchanges and the periphery that consumes the loans taken from the bank. The question was answered: Do we have a clash between capitalism and democracy? Do they live together in understanding or are there conflicts? If in all countries we find capitalism present its participation in the global financial world, democracy is not ubiquitous. There are countries that are capital but not democratic, mentioning Russia, oil-bearing countries, Iran, Turkey, etc. Capitalism has the battlefield market, democracy has political freedoms, capitalism has the interest of gaining in the market, democracy owes the public interest, capitalism in the market leads to competition in division and bankruptcy, democracy defending human rights and freedoms leads to solidarity human. The concept of the welfare state was developed by Bismarck in 1870 – the welfare state is the philosophy of the Scandinavian countries. Fiscal evasion was addressed; cash flow – devaluation due to depreciation; market principles and fundamentalism (the market has competition but also bankruptcy, if it goes bankrupt in the market, the public interest and human interests go bankrupt); inflation deflation.
The principles of companionship, gap and cultural investment and historical culture were then treated as of particular importance to young people. The three main revolutions that the world has gone through were mentioned: youth, sexual and feminist and how many phenomena in Albania are not deeply channeled but quickly forgotten. The importance of sustainable development and the elements that guarantee this such as education, environmental culture and infrastructure (not only road but also scientific, research, etc.) were addressed. Finally, the professor mentioned digital culture and coexistence with smart tools; considerations of digital dictatorship; entrepreneurial culture, including cultural and start-up among young people.